Country profile

Geographical location

The Kyrgyz Republic is located in the north-east of Central Asia, occupying part of the Tien-Shan and Pamir – the chain of Northern Altai. Borders are mainly on natural boundaries - the crests of high mountain ranges and rivers, and only in some places down to the plains of Chui, Talas and Fergana Valley.

Kyrgyzstan has its borders in the North - with Kazakhstan, to the west and north-west - with Uzbekistan, in the south-west with Tajikistan and in the south and south-east - with China. The total area of ​​the Kyrgyz Republic is 198.5 square kilometers. 94% of the country is covered with mountains. The average height - 2750 meters above sea level.

Capital

Bishkek City is political, economic, scientific, administrative, historical and cultural center of the Kyrgyz Republic. It is also the location of the supreme bodies of state power of the republic, embassies and representative offices of foreign states. The territory of the city is 127.3 square kilometers.

Administrative-territorial division

Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions (Batken, Jalal-Abad, Issyk-Kul, Naryn, Osh, Talas and Chui), 40 regions and 22 cities. Major cities - Bishkek and Osh.

Political Structure

The Kyrgyz Republic gained its independence on 31 August 1991. Kyrgyzstan, as a parliamentary republic, is an independent, secular, democratic and legal state. The president is elected by popular vote for a term of 6 years, with no right of re-election for a second term. Current president of Kyrgyzstan is Almazbek Atambayev.

Population

In Kyrgyzstan, there are more than 5.7 million people. Of these Kyrgyzs - 72%; Uzbeks - 14%; Russian - 7%; Kazakhs, Tajiks, Uighurs and other ethnic groups - 7%. More than 80 nationalities live in Kyrgyzstan nowadays. The the urban population of Kyrgyzstan is 33.6% percent and the rural population is 66.4%.

Religion

Spiritual wealth the population reaches following Islam (75%), Orthodox (20%) and other religions (5%).

Language

The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic is the Kyrgyz language. But the country has a lot of people talking in the Uzbek and Tajik languages. As a primary language of interethnic communication serves Russian, which has official status.

Time

Standard time zone: UTC / GMT +5 hours. The country is not divided into winter and summer.

Currency

Kyrgyz Som was introduced into circulation on 10 May 1993. One catfish includes 100 tyiyn. Nowadays catfish is represented by seven denominations: 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 5000. Kyrgyzstan was the first CIS country to adopt its own currency.

Climate

In Kyrgyzstan, the climate is sharply continental, only in the Issyk-Kul basin it is close to the sea climate. The average January temperature is -4◦C - -14◦C, average July temperature is 17◦C - + 38◦C. The maximum amount of precipitation is in early summer and in the autumn-winter period. In the middle of winter snow cover on the slopes can reach up to 1 meter and in the highlands snow lies all the year round.